# Carapana

## Verbs table

gloss | layer | prs def 1 | prs def 2 | prs def 3 sg m | prs def 3 sg f | prs def 3 n | prs def 3 pl m | prs def 3 pl f | prs intuitive 1 | prs intuitive 2 | prs intuitive 3 sg m | prs intuitive 3 sg f | prs intuitive 3 n | prs intuitive 3 pl m | prs intuitive 3 pl f | imm pst 1 | imm pst 2 | imm pst 3 sg m | imm pst 3 sg f | imm pst 3 n | imm pst 3 pl | far pst 1 | far pst 2 | far pst 3 sg m | far pst 3 sg f | far pst 3 n | far pst 3 pl | preventitive 1 | preventitive 2 | preventitive 3 sg m | preventitive 3 sg f | preventitive 3 n | preventitive 3 pl | non-pst conjecture 1 m | non-pst conjecture 1 f | non-pst conjecture 2 m | non-pst conjecture 2 f | non-pst conjecture 3 sg m | non-pst conjecture 3 sg f | non-pst conjecture 3 n | non-pst conjecture 1 pl m | non-pst conjecture 1 pl f | non-pst conjecture 2 pl m | non-pst conjecture 2 pl f | non-pst conjecture 3 pl m | non-pst conjecture 3 pl f | imm pst conjecture 1 m | imm pst conjecture 1 f | imm pst conjecture 2 m | imm pst conjecture 2 f | imm pst conjecture 3 sg m | imm pst conjecture 3 sg f | imm pst conjecture 3 n | imm pst conjecture 1 pl m | imm pst conjecture 1 pl f | imm pst conjecture 2 pl m | imm pst conjecture 2 pl f | imm pst conjecture 3 pl m | imm pst conjecture 3 pl f | far pst conjecture 1 m | far pst conjecture 1 f | far pst conjecture 2 m | far pst conjecture 2 f | far pst conjecture 3 sg m | far pst conjecture 3 sg f | far pst conjecture 3 n | far pst conjecture 1 pl m | far pst conjecture 1 pl f | far pst conjecture 2 pl m | far pst conjecture 2 pl f | far pst conjecture 3 pl m | far pst conjecture 3 pl f | fut 1 m | fut 1 f | fut 2 m | fut 2 f | fut 3 sg m | fut 3 sg f | fut 3 n | fut 1 pl m | fut 1 pl f | fut 2 pl m | fut 2 pl f | fut 3 pl m | fut 3 pl f |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

work | lexeme | paaya | paaya | paayami | paayamo | paaya | paayama | paayama | paacʉpʉ | paacʉpʉ | paacʉmi | paacʉmo | paacʉpʉ | paacʉma | paacʉma | paaʉ | paao | paaʉ | paao | paaʉmi | paaomo | paaro | paarã | paarã | paarã | paarã | paarãmã | paarãmã | paaatacʉ | paaataco | paaatacʉ | paaataco | paaatacʉmi | paaatacomo | paaatato | paaatana | paaatana | paaatana | paaatana | paaatanama | paaatanama | paaricʉ | paarico | paaricʉ | paarico | paaricʉmi | paaricomo | paaricaro | paaricarã | paaricarã | paaricarã | paaricarã | paaricarãma | paaricarãma | paagʉ | paago | paagʉ | paago | paagʉmi | paagomo | paagaro | paagarã | paagarã | paagarã | paagarã | paagarãma | paagarãma | ||||||||||||||||||

work | suffix 1 | ya | ya | ya | ya | ya | ya | ya | cʉ | cʉ | cʉ | cʉ | cʉ | cʉ | cʉ | a | a | a | a | a | a | w | w | w | w | w | w | re | re | re | re | re | re | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ata | ric | ric | ric | ric | ric | ric | rica | rica | rica | rica | rica | rica | rica | g | g | g | g | g | g | ga | ga | ga | ga | ga | ga | ga |

work | suffix 2 | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | zero | ʉ | o | ʉ | o | ʉ | o | rã | rã | rã | rã | rã | rã | cʉ | co | cʉ | co | cʉ | co | zero | na | na | na | na | na | na | ʉ | o | ʉ | o | ʉ | o | rã | rã | rã | rã | rã | rã | ʉ | o | ʉ | o | ʉ | o | zero | rã | rã | rã | rã | rã | rã | |||

work | suffix 3 | zero | zero | mi | mo | zero | ma | ma | pʉ | pʉ | mi | mo | pʉ | ma | ma | pʉ | pʉ | mi | mo | pʉ | ma | ʉ | ʉ | ĩ | õ | ʉ | ã | zero | zero | mi | mo | zero | ma | zero | zero | zero | zero | mi | mo | ro | zero | zero | zero | zero | mã | mã | zero | zero | zero | zero | mi | mo | to | zero | zero | zero | zero | ma | ma | zero | zero | zero | zero | mi | mo | ro | zero | zero | zero | zero | ma | ma | zero | zero | zero | zero | mi | mo | ro | zero | zero | zero | zero | ma | ma |

## Carapana notes

- 1st and 2nd person subject pronouns are obligatory (p. 151), e.g.
**yʉ paaya**'I work',**mʉ paaya**'you (singular) work'. - There are some additional evidential forms that occur only for 3rd person subjects (person-gender-number suffixes the same as already illustrated here).
- The exemplary paradigms in the source are largely those for the verb 'work', but a few are not; these are left blank under 'lexeme' here.

### References

Metzger, Ronald G. 2000. *Marĩ yaye mena Carapana, yaia yaye mena
Español macãrĩcã tuti = Carapana-Español, diccionario de 1000 palabras*.
Bogotá: Editorial Alberta Lleras Camargo. Online at:
http://www.sil.org/americas/colombia/pubs/abstract.asp?id=928474518918.