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Nouns table

gloss layer sg nom sg gen sg dat sg ill sg abl sg ines sg el sg prol sg compar sg abess sg transl pl nom pl gen pl dat pl ill opt1 pl ill opt2 pl abl pl ines pl el pl prol pl compar pl abess pl transl
a house lexeme kudo kudon' kudonen' kudos kudodo kudoso kudosto kudova kudoška kudovtomo kudoks kudot kudon' kudonen' kudos kudos kudodo kudoso kudosto kudova kudoška kudovtomo kudoks
a house suffix Ø n' nen' s do so sto va ška vtomo ks t n' nen' s s do so sto va ška vtomo ks
the house lexeme kudos' kudont' kudonten' kudonten' kudodont' kudosont' kudostont' kudovant' kudoškant' kudovtomont' kudotne kudotnen' kudotnenen' kudotnes kudotnenen' kudotnede kudotnesë kudotnestë kudotneva kudoeneška kudotnevteme tneks
the house suffix s' nt' nten' nten' dont' sont' stont' vant' škant' vtomont' ksont' tne tnen' tnenen' tnes tnenen' tnede tnesë tnestë tneva eneška tnevteme tneks

Verbs table

gloss layer 1 sg prs 1 sg > 2 sg prs 1 sg > 3 sg prs 1 sg > 3 pl prs 1 pl prs 1 pl > 3 prs 2 sg prs 2 sg > 1 sg prs 2 sg > 3sg prs 2 sg > 3 pl prs 2 pl prs 2 pl > 3 sg prs 3 sg prs 3 sg > 1 sg prs 3 sg > 2 sg prs 3 sg > 3 sg prs 3 sg > 3 pl prs 3 pl prs 3 pl > 3 sg prs pl > 1 sg prs pl > 1 pl prs pl > 2 sg prs pl > 2 pl prs 1 sg pst I 1 sg > 2 sg pst I 1 sg > 3 sg pst I 1 sg > 3 pl pst I 1 pl pst I 1 pl > 3 pst I 2 sg pst I 2 sg > 1 sg pst I 2 sg > 3 sg pst I 2 sg > 3 pl pst I 2 pl pst I 2 pl > 3 sg pst I 3 sg pst I 3 sg > 1sg pst I 3 sg > 2 sg pst I 3 sg > 3 sg pst I 3 sg > 3pl pst I 3 pl pst I 3 pl > 3 sg pst I pl > 1 sg pst I pl > 1 pl pst I pl > 2 sg pst I pl > 2 pl pst I
catch lexeme kundan kundatan kundasa kundasyn' kundatano kundasynek kundat kundasamak kundasak kundasyt' kundatado kundasynk kundy kundasamam kundatanzat kundasy kundasynze kundyt' kundasyz' kundasamiz' kundasamiz' kundatadyz' kundatadyz' kundyn' kundytin' kundyja kundyn' kundynek kundynek kundyt' kundymik kundyk kundyt' kundyde kundynk kundas' kundymim kundynzit' kundyze kundynze kundast' kundyz' kundymiz' kundymiz' kundydiz' kundydiz'
catch suffix an atan asa asyn' atano asynek at asamak asak asyt' atado asynk y asamam atanzat asy asynze yt' asyz' asamiz' asamiz' atadyz' atadyz' yn' ytin' yja yn' ynek ynek yt' ymik yk yt' yde ynk as' ymim ynzit' yze ynze ast' yz' ymiz' ymiz' ydiz' ydiz'

Erzya Mordvin notes


  • Definitive nouns clearly show the traces of agglutinative organization, with definite marking and case marking as distinct components. However, this has been perturbed to the point that neat segmentation is no longer all that obvious.
  • The dative-illative syncretism of the singular may be recapitulated in the plural; Feoktistov gives the syncretic form in his tables, with the non-syncretic form in parentheses, while Zaicz and Buzakova & Matjuškina give only the non-syncretic form.


  • There are four tenses: present(-future); past I; past II; and compound future. However, tense is only distinguished in the indicative mood. The verbs sheet shows the inflection of the present against the other tenses, represented by past I.
  • Perfective verbs with a definite object mark both subject and object; otherwise, only subject is marked.


Buzakova, I.S. & PG Matjuškina. 1977. Pravila morfologii, orfografi, sintaksisa I punktuacii mordovskix jazykov. Saransk: Mordovskoe kn. izd.

Feoktistov, A.P. 1966. Erzjanskij jazyk. In Jazyki narodov SSSR, vol 3. Moscow: Nauka.

Feoktistov, A.P. 1975. Mordovskie jazyki. In V.I. Lytkin (ed.) Osnovy finno-ugorskogo jazykoznanija, pp. 248-343. Moscow: Nauka.

Zaicz, Gabor. Mordva. In Daniel Abondalo (ed.) The Uralic Languages, pp. 184-218. London: Routledge.