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Nominals table

gloss layer abs erg gen
1st incl lexeme nuqui nuqui nuquin
1st incl stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
1st incl suffix zero zero n
1st singular lexeme ubi umbi cun
1st singular stem #STEM 1 #STEM 2 #STEM 3
1st singular suffix zero zero n
2nd lexeme mibi mimbi min
2nd stem #STEM 1 #STEM 2 #STEM 3
2nd suffix zero zero n
2nd plural 1 lexeme mitso mitso mitson
2nd plural 1 stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
2nd plural 1 suffix zero zero n
2nd plural 2 lexeme miqui miqui miquin
2nd plural 2 stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
2nd plural 2 suffix zero zero n
3rd person lexeme zero zero aton
3rd person stem zero zero #STEM 1
3rd person suffix zero zero n
4th person lexeme abi ambi
4th person stem #STEM 1 #STEM 2
4th person suffix zero zero
definite demonstrative lexeme midacquid midacquidn midacquidn
definite demonstrative stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
definite demonstrative suffix zero n n
distal demonstrative lexeme uid uidn uidn
distal demonstrative stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
distal demonstrative suffix zero n n
noun lexeme #STEM #STEMn #STEMn
noun stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
noun suffix zero n n
prox to 1 demonstrative lexeme neid neidn neidn
prox to 1 demonstrative stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
prox to 1 demonstrative suffix zero n n
prox to 2 demonstrative lexeme aid aidn aidn
prox to 2 demonstrative stem #STEM 1 #STEM 1 #STEM 1
prox to 2 demonstrative suffix zero n n
what? lexeme atoda atondan atondan
what? stem #STEM 1 #STEM 2 #STEM 2
what? suffix zero n n
who? lexeme tsuda tsundan tsundan
who? stem #STEM 1 #STEM 2 #STEM 2
who? suffix zero n n

Verbs table

gloss layer ind non-pst 1 ind non-pst 2 ind non-pst 3 ind recent pst 1 ind recent pst 2 ind recent pst 3 interr non-pst 1 interr non-pst 2 interr non-pst 3 interr recent pst 1 interr recent pst 2 interr recent pst 3
see lexeme nidec nidec nidec nidoc nidoc nidosh nide nide nidec nido nido nidosh
see suffix ec ec ec oc oc osh e e ec o o osh

Matses notes



1st person subjects may take either a free pronoun plus the subject agreement shown here (1st and 2nd syncretic), or a 1st person enclitic, which replaces the subject agreement suffix (Fleck 2003: 851):

umbi is-o-c or is-o-mbi
I.erg see-pst-1/2.indic see-pst-1

The clitic pronoun is default, free pronoun indicates emphasis on subject, both together indicates even more emphasis (p. 852).


There are numerous other TAM suffixes whose patterns can be derived from the paradigms illustrated, e.g. remote past -dennec like non-past -ec, distant past -ondac/-ondash like recent past -oc/-osh.

There are a lot of other suffixes which are restricted in the range of persons they apply to, but this may follow from their semantics, e.g. evidentials that preclude a 1st person subject, intentional suffixes that preclude non-1st person subjects.


Fleck, David William. 2003. A grammar of Matses. PhD thesis, Rice University.