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Language isolate




Verbs table

gloss layer 1 sg 2 sg 3 sg 1 du 2 du 3 du 1 pl 2 pl 3 pl
[gloss] him lexeme tšɤkɤ'tʌka mu'taka na'taka sɤkʌ'tʌka mu'taka tšɤkɤ'tʌka naka'taka mɤnʌ'tʌka ka'taka
sing lexeme kutšam'lewak kumtšam'lewak kɤtšam'lewak kɤtšam'lewak kumu(m)m'lewal (sic) kutšam'lewak kɤsnam'lewak kɤmnan'lewak kam'lewak
leave lexeme tšɤ'kuspɤt tšɤm'kɤspɤt was'pɤtkal sɤ'kaspɤt tšɤm'kɤspɤt ku'uspɤtkal na'kaspɤtkal mɤ'naspɤtkal 'kaspɤtkal
[gloss] prefix tšɤkɤ mu na sɤkʌ mu tšɤkɤ naka mɤnʌ ka
sing prefix utš umtš ɤtš ɤtš umu utš ɤsn ɤmn zero
leave prefix tšɤ'ku tšɤm'kɤ wa ɤ'ka tšɤmkɤ ku'u naka mɤna ka

Puelche notes

  • The information is fragmentary, so no complete analysis can be given. In particular, Casamiquela (1983) reports a wide variety of (lexically specified?) allomorphs of the intransitive subject prefixes, but there is no way to determine how they fit together in a paradigm, beyond the two examples presented here. Note that 'sing' is present tense and 'leave' is future.
  • Casamiquela (1983: 80-83) does give a complete paradigm for the transitive verb 'XXX' (unfortunately we did not record the gloss for this), which involves subject prefixes and object suffixes. The two represent independent systems; object suffixes take the form -j (1st person), -m (2nd person) and -Ø (3rd person), which in turn take number suffixes (sg -a, dual -ɤp/up, plural -ɤn). The forms shown here are those with a 3sg object. The syncretism of 1sg and 3du subject forms in the transitive paradigm is striking.


Casamiquela, Rudlolfo. 1983. Nociones de gramática del gününa küne. Paris: Ed. du CNRS.